RClone - Microsoft One Drive

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Microsoft One Drive

Paths are specified as remote:path

Paths may be as deep as required, eg remote:directory/subdirectory.

The initial setup for One Drive involves getting a token from Microsoft which you need to do in your browser. rclone config walks you through it.


Here is an example of how to make a remote called remote. First run:

rclone config

This will guide you through an interactive setup process:

No remotes found - make a new one
n) New remote
s) Set configuration password
n/s> n
name> remote
Type of storage to configure.
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
 1 / Amazon Cloud Drive
   \ "amazon cloud drive"
 2 / Amazon S3 (also Dreamhost, Ceph)
   \ "s3"
 3 / Backblaze B2
   \ "b2"
 4 / Dropbox
   \ "dropbox"
 5 / Google Cloud Storage (this is not Google Drive)
   \ "google cloud storage"
 6 / Google Drive
   \ "drive"
 7 / Hubic
   \ "hubic"
 8 / Local Disk
   \ "local"
 9 / Microsoft OneDrive
   \ "onedrive"
10 / Openstack Swift (Rackspace Cloud Files, Memset Memstore, OVH)
   \ "swift"
11 / Yandex Disk
   \ "yandex"
Storage> 9
Microsoft App Client Id - leave blank normally.
Microsoft App Client Secret - leave blank normally.
Remote config
Use auto config?
 * Say Y if not sure
 * Say N if you are working on a remote or headless machine
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> y
If your browser doesn't open automatically go to the following link:
Log in and authorize rclone for access
Waiting for code...
Got code
client_id = 
client_secret = 
token = {"access_token":"XXXXXX"}
y) Yes this is OK
e) Edit this remote
d) Delete this remote
y/e/d> y

See the remote setup docs for how to set it up on a machine with no Internet browser available.

Note that rclone runs a webserver on your local machine to collect the token as returned from Microsoft. This only runs from the moment it opens your browser to the moment you get back the verification code. This is on and it may require you to unblock it temporarily if you are running a host firewall.


Once configured you can then use rclone like this:

List directories in top level of your One Drive:

rclone lsd remote:

List all the files in your One Drive:

rclone ls remote:

To copy a local directory to an One Drive directory called backup:

rclone copy /home/source remote:backup

Modified time and hashes

One Drive allows modification times to be set on objects accurate to 1 second. These will be used to detect whether objects need syncing or not.

One drive supports SHA1 type hashes, so you can use --checksum flag.

Deleting files

Any files you delete with rclone will end up in the trash. Microsoft doesn’t provide an API to permanently delete files, nor to empty the trash, so you will have to do that with one of Microsoft’s apps or via the One Drive website.

Specific options

Here are the command line options specific to this cloud storage system:


Above this size files will be chunked - must be multiple of 320k. The default is 10MB. Note that the chunks will be buffered into memory.


Cutoff for switching to chunked upload - must be <= 100MB. The default is 10MB.


Note that One Drive is case insensitive so you can’t have a file called “Hello.doc” and one called “hello.doc”.

Rclone only supports your default One Drive, and doesn’t work with One Drive for business. Both these issues may be fixed at some point depending on user demand!

There are quite a few characters that can’t be in One Drive file names. These can’t occur on Windows platforms, but on non-Windows platforms they are common. Rclone will map these names to and from an identical looking unicode equivalent. For example if a file has a ? in it will be mapped to instead.